You asked to borrow more items: you’ll never believe what happened next

A teetering pile of scoresYes, you can borrow more items!

We have increased item allowances for all students as follows:

  • Undergraduate students: 20 items
  • Postgraduate students: 25 items

All students can borrow up to 10 CDs/DVDs as part of their overall allowance.

This came about after a student in the Vocal department asked us at a Student Staff Liaison Group meeting whether we could increase the item allowance for singers. Singers often have to find lots of repertoire from a range of sources for their recitals since songs and arias are relatively short compared to many instrumental pieces e.g. sonatas. Sometimes they found they needed more items than we permitted them to borrow, and this had also come up as a concern at a Vocal Department meeting. We were happy to consider this request and were able to increase the allowance for all students.

So now you’ve got this extra allowance, what are you going to borrow?

Here’s a couple of ideas for singers.


Three Dove scores: Ariel, Out of Winter and The End

Covers used with permission from Peters Edition

Dove, Dove, Dove

We recently purchased several songs for a concert celebrating Jonathan Dove’s 60th birthday. Our purchases include All the Future Days (for mezzo-soprano and piano), Out of Winter (tenor and piano), and The End (tenor, flute, oboe and string quartet).

These along with other Dove songs can be browsed at 780.3 DOV.


Florence Price, African American composer

Florence Price. By The New York Times courtesy of University of Arkansas Libraries Special Collections CC BY-SA 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0), via Wikimedia Commons

Anthology of art songs by black American composers

This collection edited by Willis C. Patterson contains works by over 20 different 20th and 21st Century American composers of colour, including Florence Price and William Grant Still.  It also includes biographical information about the composers. A great choice to broaden your repertoire and educate yourself about composers who may have been overlooked in their time.

Find it at 780.309 ANT in the Jerwood Library.

If this anthology whets your appetite, check out the The African American Art Song Alliance which exists to bring together performers and scholars interested in art song by African-American composers. They even have a research award named after Willis C. Patterson, the editor of this volume!

We welcome suggestions of sheet music and scores we can purchase to develop our collection in this area and are grateful to students and staff who already make suggestions.


 

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Accessibility Equipment in the Jerwood Library

Below are details of the various pieces of accessibility equipment available to students when reading in the Jerwood Library. Many of the items in this list will be of particular use to dyslexic and visually-impaired students, but anyone who thinks they might find them helpful is very welcome to use them. All of the items can be borrowed from the library issue desk for use anywhere in the library.

photo of multiple coloured transparencies to aid dyslexic readersCOLOURED TRANSPARENCIES

For those who have difficultly reading text on a white page, there is a whole range of differently coloured transparent page-overlays.

smaller coloured transparency

 


FOLDING LED BOOK LIGHT

A very bright, foldable, wireless LED light.

foldable L E D light

 


ELECTRONIC MAGNIFIER

This digital magnifier uses a macro-lens camera to display enlarged text on a screen. It has a very clear display and can be set to 4x 6x 8x or 11x magnification.

Bierley electronic magnification device

 


ACRYLIC MAGNIFICATION STRIP

An acrylic strip that helps enlarge individual lines of text as you read.

acrylic magnifying strip

 


HANDHELD MAGNIFYING GLASS

Rather self-explanatory, this one. You hold it in your hand, it magnifies things…it’s made of glass.

magnifying glass

 


LINE TRACKER

This is simply a piece of card that allows readers to isolate each line of text in turn as they move down the page.

piece of cardboard used to isolate lines in a block of text

 


 

Library News for the Keyboard Department

Some recent acquisitions that may be of interests to pianists:

 


 


chopin-503212_1920CHOPIN
Interpreter v. Composer: Interpreting the Grandes Etudes, op. 10 and op. 25.

by Angela Lear

Pianist and renowned interpreter of Chopin, Angela Lear shares her thoughts and research findings on the interpretation of these pieces. Includes 2 CDs

Shelved at: 789 CHO



 


61KicqqgOuL._SL1024_Marc-André Hamelin: No limits
portrait, concert & interview DVD Directed by Jan Schmidt-Garre

Concert footage from 2007 including his own compositions and an hour long interview.

Shelved at: DVD PERF:HAM

Don’t forget that we also
have access to further materials
via our various Online Resources.

Images: Chopin depicted at the piano and cover from Hamelin DVD. Used with permission

 


 

Alexander Street Scores now on Catalogue

We have recently integrated into our library catalogue over 10,000 scores from the online resource Alexander Street. They’ll now appear alongside regular search results, and can be filtered by using the new ‘Digital Score’ option from the catalogue item type drop-down menu.

 

 


Search the Jerwood Library Online Catalogue here


Judith Bingham Choral Works

Our next little exhibit in the series celebrating Trinity Laban’s Venus Blazing season showcases choral works by Judith Bingham.

Bingham started composing from an early age, entering the Royal Academy of Music in 1970, studying with Alan Bush, Eric Fenby and later Hans Keller. She won the 1977 BBC Young Composer Award. As a singer, she performed regularly with the BBC Singers through the 1980s and 90s and thus choral music has always been an important part of her oeuvre, or to quote from Mike Wheeler’s review of one of the CDs in our display, “Judith Bingham certainly has choral music in her bones”[i].

Our library exhibition case features three works.

Bingham display

Salt in the Blood : a ghost story for SATB chorus and brass ensemble was commissioned for the BBC Proms in 1995 and is dedicated to Trinity Laban’s very own Stephen Jackson, who conducted that first performance. Bingham was inspired to write it when listening to Henry Wood’s Sea Songs at the Last Night of the Proms the previous year, going on to invent a ghost story based upon John Masefield’s Sea Superstitions about an argument between two sailors as to which of them was the better dancer – a quarrel which ends in tragedy. Structured around four traditional shanties and three newly composed hornpipes, the theme of weather pervades the whole work. A seasoned sailor herself, Bingham says “your life becomes the weather”. [ii] Fragments from other works are also integrated, including sources as diverse as the Beaufort Scale, Bram Stoker’s Dracula and the ship log of the East Indiaman “Buckinghamshire”.

First Light is another work composed for chorus and brass, commissioned by the Waynflete Singers in 2001. Bingham’s interest in mystical philosophies was shared by her friend and poet Martin Shaw, whom she asked to write a poetic text about the Incarnation. Again Bingham drew on sensory influences, this time from a summer spent in Greece that very year. She was touched by a twelfth-century fresco featuring a Virgin and Child and two angels in a monastery on Patmos. Furthermore, when staying in a room opposite Athens Cathedral, strains of the peculiar carillon of Athens Cathedral wafted across to her and that motif, with its unusual sequence of intervals, became the musical basis of the piece.

Irish Tenebrae: 7 folk song settings for soprano, violin, chamber organ, percussion and men’s voices was a coming together of two different ideas. Bingham had long thought about producing a setting of Irish folk songs – a mainstay in so many choirs’ repertoire – and from her experience as a singer in Maunday Thursday services also had a desire to some day set the Tenebrae.  Originally written in 1990 (but going on to be revised in 1992 and 2007) the work was conceived during a period of conflict in Ireland. Bingham describes how “the Tenebrae have powerful overtones of violent revenge, and their mood typified for me the cycle of blame that made the Irish situation (and so many others) so addictive to its protagonists”.[iii]

If this has whetted your appetite, Trinity Laban’s Chamber Choir, directed by Stephen Jackson, will be performing works by Bingham (along with Maconchy and Holst) tonight (Thursday 14th March) in Southwark. If you miss this they have another performance at 1pm on Thursday 28th March in Greenwich’s St Alfege Church so why not pop along!

Items featured in the display:

Bingham, Judith. Salt in the blood: for SATB chorus and brass ensemble. London: Peters, 1995. Shelved at 780.6 BIN

Bingham, Judith. First light: for chorus and brass. London: Peters, 2001.
Shelved at 782.99 BIN

Bingham, Judith. Irish Tenebrae: 7 folk song settings for soprano, violin, chamber organ, percussion and men’s voices. London: Peters, 2007.
Shelved at 782.99 BIN

Bingham, Judith. The secret garden; salt in the blood; first light, Thomas Trotter, BBC Symphony Chorus, Fine Arts Brass, Stephen Jackson. CD, Naxos, 8.570346, 2007.
Shelved at CHO:BIN

Bingham, Judith. Remoter worlds: choral music by Judith Bingham, BBC Singers, David Hill. CD, Signum, Classics, SIGCD144, 2008.
Shelved at CHO:BIN

———————————————————————————————————————————

[i] Mike Wheeler, ‘Classical Source’ http://classicalsource.com/db_control/db_cd_review.php?id=4524 (accessed 28 February 2019)

[ii] Judith Bingham, liner notes to The secret garden; salt in the blood; first light. (CD, Naxos, 8.570346, 2007), 2.

[iii] Judith Bingham, liner notes to Remoter worlds: choral music by Judith Bingham. (CD, Signum Classics, SIGCD 144, 2008), 6.

International Women’s Day 2019 – #BalanceForBetter

Happy International Women’s Day! I’m delighted that Trinity Laban is presenting Venus Blazing: A Celebration of Song for International Women’s Day 2019 which will be broadcast live on BBC Radio 3 at 1pm today.

International Women’s Day (IWD) has the theme #BalanceForBetter this year, which fits in perfectly with the Venus Blazing project which aims to redress the imbalance between programming works by male and female composers. The Jerwood Library already introduced our women composers catalogue search limiter to aid in this goal; we’ve dedicated one of our display cases to women composers this academic year; and we are actively developing our collection of music by women and books about women composers to #BalanceForBetter.

Although the present-day ‘official’ IWD is a professional affair with dedicated hashtags, corporate partners and a celebratory feel, the event has roots over a hundred years old in struggles to win the right to vote and better pay and working conditions for women. It’s interesting to consider what societal structures and political contexts have led to the historical dominance of men as composers and professional conductors and players, despite the huge number of talented and experienced women musicians playing, performing and running ensembles in non-professional settings.

A topic that deserves more detailed consideration than I can dedicate to it now, I feel, but if this interests you I recommend looking up The Woman Composer: Creativity and the Gendered Politics of Musical Composition by Jill Halstead in the library (shelfmark 787.331 HAL). Although a little dated in places (published 1997), this work explores a variety of potential reasons for the relative scarcity of women composers through history up to the late 20th century, ranging from psychological through education, social history and the gendered politics of music and musicology itself. Halstead finds evidence for some of these causes and not for others, but you’ll have to read it yourself to find out which!

15 Mar update:

Since writing this post I’ve read a couple of related articles and blog posts which were also published on International Women’s Day:

  • Take note – why do women composers still take up less musical space? by Susanna Eastburn, chief exec of Sound and Music (The Guardian, 8/3/19). This article examines contemporary reasons for women being discouraged from composition.
  • Happy IWD! by Kate Crane at University of Cambridge Libraries, 8/3/19. This blog post considers some reasons music by women may have been overlooked historically, and also links to some resources promoting music by women.

Video Guides: How to Search for Music by Composition Date

How ever do you find….?

Often, people need to search for repertoire based on when the piece was written. They might want a piece from the twentieth-century, or something written before 1600 or something by a contemporary of Bach, to name just a few examples. Whether it’s to meet certain assessment criteria, or simply to tie their programme together nicely, this is more tricky than a straightforward search by title. As such, this blog post aims to highlight two video guides that can help catalogue users to get the most out of the library catalogue. The videos I want to focus on here are called:

  • Jerwood Library Catalogue: Finding instrumental music by composition date
  • Jerwood Library Catalogue: Finding songs by composition date

It’s hard to do these searches in any library catalogue, but in these short videos we have identified some useful strategies and tips to show you how to get the best out of the information in our catalogue records.

The videos can be found from the opening Jerwood Library Catalogue page on Moodle by selecting the video guides tab, and scrolling down to the relevant video

Both videos take you through how to construct a search by date and where to put the various keywords and numbers.

Anyone curious about the construction of catalogue records may care to know a few relevant details about our cataloguing practice.  [#hopefulcataloguer]

Firstly, we always try to find and include a composer’s birth and death dates in the headings for their name, for example:

Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus, 1756-1791 or Musgrave, Thea, 1928-

This means those numbers appear in the author / composer field and can be used to search that field.

Type the numbers in exactly, or in a truncated form using question marks [?] for example:

[1756, or 1756-1791 OR 17?? Or 192?].

We do the same with publication and copyright dates. Where this information is available, we include the dates alongside the publisher’s name for example:

Kassel : Bärenreiter, 2000.

This is the date searched by the Publication year search filter.

The other useful search filter is the Subject filter.  Enter here the names of the instruments (e.g. flute or violin or flute and piano) or the voice range for songs (e.g. Songs (Medium voice) and piano).

Combine all these elements and you’ll be able to extract useful composer/title information of music relevant to a particular date.

Library E-Resources: Oxford History of Western Music

oxford history of western music logo

“The Oxford History of Western Music online offers an unmatched account of the evolution of Western classical music by one of the most prominent and provocative musicologists of our time, Richard Taruskin.”

Through the Jerwood Library’s online resources, students and staff now have access to Richard Taruskin’s seminal Oxford History of Western Music in interactive digital format. The work provides a narrative account of the evolution of Western classical music, beginning with the earliest notations right through to the music of the late Twentieth Century, and was originally published in 2009 as a set of five large volumes. The library does have a hard copy of the set in our reference collection, but now it’s also available online the full text is extremely easy to navigate, and can be searched and browsed in its entirety, along with all footnotes, bibliographies, and further readings for each of the 69 chapters, numerous illustrations, and 1,800 musical examples.

“Laced with brilliant observations, memorable musical analyses, and a panoramic sense of the interaction between history, culture, politics, art, literature, religion, and music, the Oxford History of Western Music is essential reading for anyone who wishes to understand the rich and diverse tradition of Western music.”

Moreover, the Oxford History of Western Music online features 1,700 editorially chosen deep links to relevant entries in Grove Music Online (which is also available via the library’s online subscriptions). For instance, when reading about a particular composer in Taruskin’s work, a user will also be able to click through to the relevant Grove Music Online article for further in-depth information.

If you’re on site at Trinity Laban, access the Oxford History of Western Music here
Or if you’re at home, access the Oxford History of Western Music here

 

Clara Schumann’s 200th Anniversary

Clara Schumann in 1853

It’s 200 years since the birth of Clara Schumann (née Wieck) (1819-1896), and the Jerwood Library is marking the occasion with a small exhibition dedicated to her life and work displaying a range of materials available from our collection, including books, scores, and recordings.

In her time, Clara Schumann was best known as a virtuoso pianist, considered the peer of such keyboard giants as Liszt, Thalberg and Anton Rubinstein and known as Europe’s ‘Queen of the Piano’. She sustained a brilliant career for over 60 years, and her playing was described as displaying a ‘masterful technique, beautiful tone and poetic spirit’. Clara began her career as a child prodigy, tutored intensively by her father, she astonished the public and fellow musicians all over Europe with her talents.

COMPOSER

Clara also composed an accomplished series of around 50 pieces, greatly admired by her contemporaries, most of which are songs and piano miniatures. However, after the death of her husband Robert in 1856, although Clara continued her career as a virtuoso performer, she more or less stopped composing altogether. In light of the quality of the works she wrote earlier in her life, what she could have produced if she hadn’t been constrained by the demands of raising and providing for eight children, as well as the social mores of her day, remains one of those great ‘what-ifs’ of music history.

The 15 year old Clara Wieck, around the time of the completion of her piano concerto

Piano Concerto

Clara began her Piano Concerto in A Minor op.7 when she was only 13 years old, and it is her only surviving orchestral work. She first performed the piece three years later on 11 November 1835, at the Leipzig Gewandhaus under Mendelssohn’s direction. It’s a central piece in her early compositional career, displaying both her virtuosity and her innovative musical thinking, and comes from a period of her life filled with concert tours and plans for new works.

Songs

“After her marriage her compositional style changed; she herself was maturing as an artist and the daily involvement with Robert and their joint studies influenced her work. She wrote fewer character-pieces and turned, as Robert Schumann had, to songs; three (Am Strande, Volkslied and Ich stand in dunkeln Träumen) were presented to her husband on their first Christmas together. These were followed by four songs, three of which (op.12) were incorporated in a joint collection (Robert Schumann’s op.37). All her lieder, including some until recently unpublished, are expressive and powerful contributions to the genre.”

– Reich, Nancy B. Schumann [née Wieck], Clara (Josephine). Grove Music Online

MARRIAGE TO ROBERT

Clara Wieck and Robert Schumann, whom she had known since childhood, wed in 1840, the day before her 21st birthday. Their marriage was a rare partnership: the two musicians studied scores together and read poetry for possible settings; she arranged many of his instrumental works for piano and acted as rehearsal pianist for groups he conducted.

Robert’s work became known to the musical world through her concert tours in Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Denmark, Switzerland, Russia, and England (she made 19 trips to the British Isles). Almost all his orchestral works were introduced in concerts in which she was the solo artist and she gave the première of almost every work he wrote for or with piano.

Clara still managed to continue to perform, teach and compose whilst also having eight children with Robert. However, despite her aptitude for composition, her teaching and performance, as well as the promotion of her husband’s works, eventually took precedence. This was particularly the case after Robert’s death, when she began to take on a persona as solemn ‘priestess’ of music. Dressed in black, performing ‘serious’ works, she devoted herself to her children and her husband’s memory and music.

Dressed in black, fuelling her image in later life as the ‘priestess of music’

VIRTUOSO PIANIST

Clara Schumann’s illustrious career as a pianist lasted for over 60 years. As Europe’s ‘Queen of the Piano’, she had a considerable influence on concert life and pianism in the 19th century, and many of her innovations in performance practice remain to this day. For example, she was one of the few pianists to perform music from memory and (with Liszt) one of the first pianists to give solo concerts without assisting artists.

With Clara, the piano recital became an event in which the compositions themselves were of foremost importance, rather than the virtuosity of the performer. At the time, pianists tended to give entire concerts of their own works, whereas she introduced Bach, Scarlatti, Beethoven and Schubert to audiences more accustomed to showy variations on popular melodies.

 


 

Main source of information about Clara Schumann’s life and career: Reich, Nancy B. Schumann [née Wieck], Clara (Josephine). Grove Music Online. Oxford Music Online (accessed January 2019)

String quartets by women composers

As chamber music is one of my musical passions – and in particular, the string quartet – inspired by Venus Blazing, I decided to see what the library had to offer in terms of String Quartets by women composers. To help me do this, I was able to use the new “women only” search limiter in the Jerwood Library Catalogue.

Display Jan 2019 Cat search screenshot

At the time of writing, my search (as pictured above) returned over 70 search results. These results contained a mixture of scores, parts, online scores and ensembles including string quartet and voice, for example. These are by composers such as Sophie-Carmen Eckhardt-Gramatté (1899-1974), Doreen Carwithen (1922-2003), Elizabeth Maconchy (1907-1994), Doroth Gow (1893-1982), Elisabeth Lutyens (1906-1983), Grazyna Bacewicz (1909-1969) and Priaulx Rainier (1903-1986), to name just a few!

From my search results, I noticed that the library has several string quartets by Elizabeth Maconchy and Elisabeth Lutyens. Venus Blazing logo

Maconchy, Elizabeth (1907-1994)              String quartets 1 – 12 (Shelved at 782.3 MAC)

On the Music Sales website it says, “Maconchy studied at the Royal College of Music with Vaughan Williams, who remained a lifelong friend; but she was attracted less by English pastoralism than by the central European modernism of Bartók and Janáček, and she completed her studies with K.B. Jirák in Prague.”

Lutyens, Elisabeth (1906-1983) Sets of parts for 7 string quartets (Shelved at 782.3 LUT)

Lutyens was known and respected as a creative artist for whom compromise was impossible. She was also a provocative and inspiring teacher who gave herself unstintingly to her pupils. Her output was large and varied, and the importance of her contribution to the country’s musical life was recognised in 1969, when she was made a Commander of the British Empire.http://www.musicsalesclassical.com/composer/long-bio/elisabeth-lutyens 

When using Quicksearch [available to TL staff and students only] to research women composers and the string quartet, I came across a very interesting article in the Journal of the Royal Musical Association, by our very own Dr Sophie Fuller.

Putting the BBC and T. Beecham to Shame’: The Macnaghten–Lemare Concerts, 1931–7. Journal of the Royal Musical Association; 2013, Vol. 138 Issue 2, p377-414, 38p. 2013

The article looks at how in 1930’s Britain, a group of young women set up their own concert series in order to promote new music and that of women composers which was being overlooked by conductors, orchestras and concert series in general at this time. As it says in the abstract for the article, “the Macnaghten–Lemare concerts were also remarkable for the central role played by women – as performers, organizers and composers – and for the space they provided for the unconventional and ignored.”

Sophie Fuller kindly gave me some exclusive background perspective about how the article came about:

“This article took a very long time to get into print. I originally started researching this particular concert series back in the 1980s, for my BMus dissertation at King’s College, London. I was initially interested in investigating the links between British musical and political life in the 1930s. One of my earliest essays, as a mature music undergraduate, was on Britten and Auden’s song cycle Our Hunting Fathers (1936). When researching performances of Britten’s early music, I came across the Macnaghten-Lemare concerts, a fascinating series of chamber, choral and orchestral concerts given in London by an enterprising group of three young women – violinist Anne Macnaghten, who led an all-woman string quartet, conductor Iris Lemare and composer Elisabeth Lutyens.”

The article also explores the ‘role of gender in the promotion and performance of contemporary British music’. The title of the article is in fact a quote from Ralph Vaughan Williams, taken from a letter of encouragement he wrote to Anne Macnaghten! “You are doing great work and putting the BBC and T. Beecham to shame.”

Sophie Fuller goes on to say:

“It quickly struck me that one of the most unusual things about these concerts, which focused on new music, was how much music by women was programmed – alongside their male contemporaries such as Britten. Back then, both Macnaghten and Lemare were still alive. A crucial part of my research was going to visit and talk to them both. I can still vividly remember drinking sherry with Iris Lemare as she dug out her old scrapbooks, before driving me to her local library so I could photocopy them.”

Women composers

A Selection of Women Composers of the String Quartet

If you need help searching for repertoire by women composers, please don’t hesitate to ask and don’t forget that if there is a particular piece of music you would like to play, which the library doesn’t have, you can fill in a Purchase Request Form available from the library or via Moodle. You can also read Sophie’s full article via Quicksearch or take a look at the hard copy in the library. Also, why not check out this new book on the subject: ‘British Women Composers and Instrumental Chamber Music in the Early Twentieth Century’ by Laura Seddon. You can find more books on Women Composers on the new items shelf, by using the ‘Women only’ filter in the catalogue and by looking at our new books in the library catalogue.

My sincere thanks go to Dr Sophie Fuller for taking the time out of her busy schedule to give me these fascinating behind-the-scenes insights into her research for this article. I leave you with a few final words of summary from her:

“In many ways, this project lit the fire for my twin obsessions with unusual archival research and the overlooked musical work of women. One of the first pieces of music programmed for these concerts was Elizabeth Maconchy’s String Quartet No. 1 (1932-3), which remains the keystone work whose neglect still drives me to campaign for the forgotten music of women to this day.”

Sources of Digital Scores

As we enter the last few days of term and many students will be heading home for the Christmas vacation, now seems a good time to draw attention to a few great sources of digital sheet music that you can access anywhere with an internet connection.

Many of you will doubtless already be keen users of IMSLP, which includes PDFs of nearly half a million scores.

IMSLP

 

It’s a fantastic source of – primarily – public domain scores (though just note that it’s a Canadian site, so some scores which are in the public domain in Canada are still in copyright in the EU and thus can’t be downloaded here in the UK).

 

 

But how many other sources of digital scores are you familiar with?

The Jerwood Library’s subscription to the Music Online package from Alexander Street Press includes nearly 12,000 digital scores. This spans a huge range of repertoire, and – because it’s a subscription resource that Trinity Laban pays for on your behalf – it includes contemporary works that are still in copyright. They are great resource for your assignments and can also be used for rehearsal purposes, but just be aware that the licensing terms of the collection mean these scores can’t be used for public performance. You can search these via the Jerwood Library catalogue by limiting your search to digital scores.

Digital score search

 

There are also many freely accessible websites that focus on particular composers, genres, repertoire or library collections.

The Choral Public Domain Library currently hosts over 30,000 choral and vocal works and also includes a handy function to search for sacred music categorized by season.

A number of music publishers include perusal scores on their website (in some cases you may have to set up a free account to view them). See for example Music Sales, Faber and Boosey and Hawkes.  It’s also worth noting that the British Music Collection includes perusal scores for works by a large number of British composers, again including many contemporary scores.

Whilst you can’t use perusal scores for performance, they may fulfil just the function you need when writing assignments or selecting repertoire. If you come across something that you think it would be useful for the library to buy, do complete a purchase recommendation form.

Some publishers have made the scholarly editions of particular composers available online. Examples include the Neue-Mozart Ausgabe Online, offering a digitized version of the music and commentary of the entire Barenreiter critical edition, and the Carl Nielsen edition comprising a 32 volume critical edition of Nielsen’s works.

Finally, many libraries undertake digitization projects, often focussing on rare or unique holdings within their collections.

The Full English is a collaborative project between the English Folk Dance and Song Society and a number of library partners resulting in the world’s largest collection of English folk manuscripts.

Gallica is the digital library of the Bibliotheque Nationale de France. It includes a wealth of digital documents, with the music scores subset searchable from this page.

The Library of Congress has also undertaken a huge digitization programme with over 90,000 scores available online. To browse these select notated music

LOCand refine your results to those available online.

Loc refined

All that leaves is for me to wish you:

Merry Christmas